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Indian Rat Snake

Total Photos: 4

Rat Snake (Dhaman) is a commonly seen snake which is famous for its fast crawling speed and much larger size than most of the widely distributed species found in India. Very long body with dark color patterns on the whole dorsal surface are its general identification features. Apart from these it can be identifies precisely by checking posterior body reticulated with black color net like markings. Traditionally people differentiate between Cobra and Rat Snake by accepting Rat Snake to be a snake having head broader than neck or neck thinner than mid body.

Beddome's Cat Snake

Total Photos: 1

Beddome's Cat Snake is a species of Boiga genus found in high elevations of Western Ghats of India also in Sri Lanka. Externally it looks very close to Ceylon Cat Snake (B. ceylonensis) and Collard Cat Snake (B. nuchalis) and usually indistinguishable from these two which are sympatric to it in Western Ghats. Morphologically all three species are known for brown or yellowish dorsal body marked with blackish markings. B. beddomei can be identified by checking 19 mid body rows, high number of ventrals (248-266) and subcaudals (111-133).

Beddome's Keelback

Total Photos: 1

Brown above; a series of yellow spots, each between two black spots or short transverse bands, along each side of the back; upper labials yellowish with black sutures; a yellow, black-edged, oblique streak from the eye to the gape; a yellow band across the nape, behind the parietals, becoming indistinct with age; belly white, closely dotted with brown on the sides.

Green Keelback

Total Photos: 1

Green Keelback is a yellowish-green colored snake found in peninsular India except above Gangetic plains and most of the Eastern India. This can be identified by checking rich green or yellowish-green body marked with more or less irregular black bands or patches. In most of its life it bears yellow color V shaped marking guarded by black on nape. Sometimes it can be confused with Cobra due to its habit of showing narrow fake hood above the ground as a nervous response.

Spectacled Cobra

Total Photos: 4

A Naja naja can be easily identified by the presnce of hood and the sepectle mark on the back of the hood. The hood is spread only when the snake is aggitated, and in some specimens the hood marks are absent too. Body slender with smooth oval shaped scales. Dorsal color includes yellow, all shades of brown, grey, reddish, black or black mixed with blue, purple, red etc. Side dorsal scales are larger and clearly oval shaped while scales on the top are narrow and become pointed. Color greatly depends on geographical region. Maharashtra, whole South India, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal etc. coastal states population bear color range of yellow and brown. Sometimes dark color obtuse bands are also found on posterior body. While Central, northern & Western India population is known for dark brown or black color.

Indian Rock Python

Total Photos: 2

Indian Rock Python is one of the most famous and one of the largest growing snake of India. In most of the parts of country this is the largest species (excluding North-east where Burmese Python is found in pleace of Indian Rock Python). Most of the times it can be easily identified by checking its large size, dark irregular patches, pinkish head and slow locomotion.

Checkered Keelback

Total Photos: 2

Checkered Keelback is the most commonly found sake across India. Often called as water snake in many regional languages as it is found near fresh water bodies, marshes and agricultural fields. The snake has keels scales and rounded pupil. The coloration vary from region to region with a Checkered pattern all over the body. The overall body color vary from green to dark brown. A good swimmer and very aggressive when threatened.

King Cobra

Total Photos: 1

King Cobra is a very famous snake found in many South-east Asian countries. Due to its large size and fascinating hood display it is well known to people interested in reptiles. This is the largest venomous snake of world, also the only snake which is known for building nest of dead leaves to incubate eggs. Due to very large and heavy body marked with light bands it can be easily identified. However even with a fascinating size and venom potency there are very few dead or bite records from King Cobra because it avoids encountering with humans and usually try to move away instead of being aggressive quickly.

Slender Coral Snake

Total Photos: 1

Slender Coral is the most widely distributed Coral Snake (of genus Calliophis) of India and also found in Sri Lanka. This is also the smallest venomous snake of Indian subcontinent. Morphologically it can be identified by jet black head patched with white and dorsal body of plain grayish-brown color followed by black tail which is also patched with brown or white. Except tail details it looks almost similar to non-venomous Dumeril's Black-headed Snake (Sibynophis subpunctatus).

Malabar Pit Viper

Total Photos: 2

They are nocturnal and usually inactive in the day, sometimes seen basking on rocks or trees near streams. A typical behaviour found is that they are very active during the monsoon season (you get to see many of them). However, once the monsoon ends, you rarely find a Malabar pit viper.

Saw-scaled Viper

Total Photos: 2

Saw-scaled Viper is the only Echis species found in India and member of famous Big Four. This is also the smallest Viperidae member with an average size of 30cm only. Indian Saw Scaled Viper's population ends eastwards in Odisha and West Bengal states with eastern-most boundary of the genus Echis. It can be identified by carefully checking very dry looking body covered with rough scales, light color rounded patches on top which are surrounded by two wavy lines from head to posterior body. In deserts and semi-deserts of India this is perhaps the most common venomous snake and so the most important medically significant reptile for deserts and semi-deserts.

Bamboo Pit Viper

Total Photos: 1

Bamboo Pit Viper is the most widespread Pit Viper of India; in fact this is the only Pit Viper found in most of the dense forests of peninsular India. It can be identified easily by checking triangular head which is much broader than neck, green dorsal marked with rich or faint black markings and yellow belly.

Russell's Viper

Total Photos: 1

Russell's Viper is the most widely distributed Viper family member which is infamous for its fascinating whistle and long fangs. This is one of the most bite and death causing venomous snake in Indian subcontinent and the member of Big Four of India. It can be easily identified by checking oval shaped hollow or solid spots in three rows in dorsal body and highly keeled non-shiny scales. However even with specific body patterns layman sometime assume it to be juvenile of Python.